Obsidian forms when lava cools and so can be found in places that have experienced volcanic eruptions. When Obsidian breaks it can produce fragments with amazingly sharp edges, even thinner and sharper than the best surgical steel. And so it was used to make knives, arrowheads and spear points.
Strength & Courage
Mexico is a location with a lot of obsidian. Ancient Mayan warriors used broad clubs that were stubbed along its edges by obsidian blades, named ‘macuahuitl’. Accounts by Spanish conquistadors who faced Mayan warriors tell that they were able to cut a horse’s head off with one stroke. Combined with the fact that Mayans believed that death on the battle field secured them eternal bliss, Mayan warriors proved fierce and deadly opponents.
Priests were very important in Maya culture, second only to the king. They were keepers of knowledge, famous for their incredible feats in astronomy, astrology and calendar keeping.
Mayan priests used mirrors made of obsidian rock to foretell the future. They would gaze into the mirror to connect with the spiritual world and look for good omens for their people. Based on these visions it was decided when to plant seeds, harvest or when to go to war. Thousands of Mayans relied on their priests to guide them in both spiritual and practical ways.